Terpenes are compounds in cannabis that work in conjunction with cannabinoids to produce the flavor, aroma and effects unique to each strain. While THC and CBD get the most recognition in recreational and medicinal circles, terpenes actually have very powerful health benefits on their own. In fact, many believe that terpene isolation is the future of cannabis breeding.
Farnesene is one such terpene that naturally occurs in cannabis. It also occurs in many other plants too. Most commonly found in fruit coatings like apple skins, it’s mainly responsible for the familiar “green apple” aroma. If you identify this scent in cannabis, you can be certain that strain contains high amounts of farnesene. One of its benefits to plants is that it acts as a natural insect repellent.
While it’s not considered one the primary terpenes in cannabis, farnesene has a number of health benefits. Found in turmeric, farnesene has anti-inflammatory properties as well as tumor-inhibiting traits and could be helpful in treating colon and pancreatic cancers. Primarily found in the narrow leaf indica strains indigenous to Himalayan valleys, farnesene also has a calming effect and may help suppress spasms.